The Great Wall Of China As Sunken Treasure

“We were hit by the sudden cold and absolute blackness. The only light came from our torches. Not a drop of sunlight penetrated the silt and algae above us. It was like entering another world, with all our senses altered — until we spotted the Wall.”

Diving The Great Wall of China 1

My three companions and I were rewarded for our three-and-a-half-hour drive from Beijing by a body of water tucked into the hills. Panjiakou Reservoir is a man-made lake, created in 1977 when the Chinese government flooded a valley northwest of Beijing, and it was there that we would experience the Great Wall of China in the rather unique state of under water.

Arriving at the pier, we hefted our gear from our cars onto a motorboat, which took us past fish farms, underneath makeshift electrical lines strung across the water, and over waterlogged ropes. Along the steep overgrown banks, the terrain rose up to rough ridges where abandoned Wall towers punctuated the hilltops. A half-hour later we reached a floating restaurant that would serve as both the departure point for our dive and portal for our accommodations.

We were greeted by the family who owns the place and some other guests partaking in lunch on deck. We soon feasted as well on the floating veranda. We indulged in pumpkins, eggplant, and zucchini picked from a garden overlooking our bobbing cafe, plus gigantic fish that moments earlier were struggling in nets on the nearby boats. Chickens have run of the bank, with their eggs serving as part of our meal.

The restaurant proprietors also run the adjacent hotel, and they’ve lived in this valley for as long as they can remember. Dynamite destroyed their ancestral home during the 1977 demolition that preceded the flooding of the valley, and like other villagers who were forced to relocate, they took up new occupations. They’re now in the tourism business, a destination for both day trips and overnight stays.

The Wall butts up against this hotel before spilling down the hillside and crumbling into the water. Those wishing to journey farther up need only walk a few meters to start their climb. It’s a well-worn yet narrow and unkempt trail that leads up the mountain to some gorgeous vantage points overlooking Panjiakou Reservoir. A scramble up the hill gave us an overview of our dive site.

Also helping with a sense of overview was a fantastic black-and-white photo on one of the walls of the restaurant. It shows the town and valley before they were destroyed. You realize just how deep the floor is — somewhere around 60 to 90 meters below the surface of the water — but there is purportedly nothing left to explore. The only surviving structure is the Great Wall.

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Even in summer, it’s a cold dive — the surface temperature is 24 C, but it plummets to 6 C at the bottom — so either a dry suit or a couple of layers of wetsuits is highly recommended, along with boots, gloves, and hood. All of it had to be hauled from Beijing, since there are no facilities near the dive site to garner forgotten equipment or fill tanks. The locals found humor in a handful of foreigners donning eight millimeters of neoprene in the middle of a hot muggy day.

As soon as we struggled, sweating, into our layers, we jumped into the water to do our final weighting (we’d all been diving in saltwater and needed to recalculate for the freshwater). We messed around with the weights and, once happy, crawled back into the boat that motored us the few remaining hundred meters to where we would descend.

The Wall pokes out of the water to form small islands, giving us a couple of reference points. However, they’d be useless once our masks slipped below the surface. The first five meters was entirely particulate matter and there was no visibility — this is apparently consistent for any time of year. Once below the silt, we were hit by the abrupt cold and absolute blackness. The only light came from our torches. Not a drop of sunlight penetrated the silt and algae above us. It was like entering another world, with all our senses altered — nothing came into focus until we spotted the Wall.

Guo Yong, our dive master, deftly led us to it. Even submerged, it is an impressive structure. With history at our fingertips, we imagined the times of war and peace it’d weathered and survived, the lives that had come and gone around it. It was humbling. There is a submerged tower and you can swim through its rooms — what builder, attacker, or defender could ever have foreseen the day when scuba divers would blow bubbles toward its ceiling?

Be warned, it is not an easy reef dive — it’s a technical dive. Depending on the water level behind the dam, it can be quite challenging at almost 30 meters. There is little freshwater life to be seen — if lucky, maybe a few small crayfish will wave their antennae at you. But the ancient wall is reward enough. There is not much diving in this part of the world — Thailand and the Philippines have the market cornered with their coral reefs — but for experienced divers looking for a unique spot, this opportunity is a treasure.

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Christina is a professional rambler currently attempting to figure out life in Beijing — and stumbling upon crazy stuff as she goes.

Panjiakou Reservoir Great Wall: contact Guo Yong ( / phone: 400-028-7778) of VVDiving, a PADI Dive Center near Sihui subway station in Beijing. Guo Yong speaks English and teaches PADI courses in English as well as Chinese. He knows the Wall dive site very well and went above and beyond in arranging logistics for us. VVDiving also does trips to the Philippines, Maldives, and other South Asian destinations.

    2 Responses to “The Great Wall Of China As Sunken Treasure”

    1. Katherine Guo

      I have never dived before,not to mention that diving with the fingertips touching the heritage and the history.I can’t imagine how fantastic and intoxicating that experience can be.I like the author and her unique way to savour every drop of the heritage site.

      As to the complete change that happened in the year of 1977,I should say that not only the bricks and the cement were submerged under the water,but the memory of the whole generation of the villagers as well.The photo named as MEMORY can capture some of the features or even the whole scene of the village,but it can never capture any inner structure of the people who had everything to do with the history.Once again,the only surviving structure is the Great Wall.

    2. Cassio Yang

      Your article give me a comprehensive understanding of Great Wall in China. I marvel at the beauty and the treasure which you mensioned in your article of the the Great Wall. Today, the Great Wall has become a place of interest not only wo the Chineses but to people all over the world. Many of them have come to know the famous Chinese saying:’He who does not reach Great Wall is not a true man.’
      Thw Great Wall has a history of over twenty centuries.It was very difficult to build such a wall in the ancient days wothout any modern machines. All the work was done by hand. The Great Wall was made not only of stone and earth, but of the flesh and blood of millions for men. So I hope, more and more people can discover the beauty of the Great Wall, and realize its historical significance.


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